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Here's a checklist of the vaccines that are routinely offered to everyone in the UK for free on the NHS, and the age at which you should ideally have them.
Two months old
Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)
PCV (Prevenar 13)
Three months old
Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and Hib
Meningococcal group C disease (MenC)
Men C (NeisVac-C or Menjugate)
Four months old
Between 12 and 13 months old – within a month of the first birthday
Measles, mumpsand rubella (German measles)
MMR(Priorix or MMR VaxPRO)
Three years four months old or soon after
Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and polio
dTaP/IPV (Repevax) or DTaP/IPV(Infanrix-IPV)
Measles, mumpsand rubella
MMR (Priorix or MMR VaxPRO)(check first dose has been given)
** Where two or more injections are required at once, these should ideally be given in different limbs. Where this is not possible, injections in the same limb should be given 2.5cm apart.
At birth, 1 month old, 2 months old and 12 months old
Upper arm (intradermal)
There is a good guide on the NHS website which describes various conditions affecting children. There is advice on how to diagnose them, how to treat them and if further advice should be consulted.
NHS childhood illness slideshow
Having an ill child can be a very scary experience for parents. If you understand more about the illness it can help you to feel more in control. This booklet is for parents (and older children) and deals with common infections in children who are normally healthy.
>Download the booklet
Girls aged 12 to 13 years old
Cervical cancer caused by human papillomavirus types 16 and 18 (and genital warts caused by types 6 and 11)
Around 14 years old
Tetanus, diphtheria and polio
Td/IPV (Revaxis), and check MMR status
(Meningitec, Menjugate or NeisVac-C)
The Meningitis C vaccination will be introduced during the 2013/14 academic year and the vaccine supplied will depend on the brands available at the time of ordering
Most symptoms of a fever in young children can be managed at home with infant paracetamol. If the fever is very high, they may have an infection that needs treating with antibiotics.
Head lice are insects that live on the scalp and neck. They may make your head feel itchy. Although head lice may be embarrassing and sometimes uncomfortable, they don't usually cause illness. However, they won't clear up on their own and you need to treat them promptly
Nosebleeds (also known as epistaxis) are fairly common, especially in children, and can generally be easily treated.
Five health symptoms men should not ignore:
"British men are paying the price for neglecting their health: more than 100,000 men a year die prematurely.
On average, men go to their GP half as often as women. It's important to be aware of changes to your health, and to see your GP immediately if you notice something that's not right." Find out more
Each year about 36,000 men in the UK are diagnosed with prostate cancer, making it the most common cancer in men. It mainly affects men aged over 50.
These symptoms aren't always caused by prostate cancer but if you have them, see your GP.
Find out more about the symptoms, causes and diagnosis of prostate cancer by using the resources below.
BUPA - Prostate Cancer
NHS Choices - Prostate Cancer
Testicular cancer, though the most common cancer in young men, it is still quite rare. With 2000 new cases being diagnosed each year, this makes it the biggest cause of cancer related death in 15 - 35-year-old males. It accounts for around 70 deaths a year within the UK alone.
The most common symptom of testicular cancer is swelling or a pea-sized lump in one of the testes (balls). There is no current screening test therefore it is important that you look out for the following signs and symptoms.
NHS - Information on Testicular Cancer
BUPA - Testicular Cancer
It’s estimated that one man in 10 has a problem related to having sex, such as premature ejaculation or erectile dysfunction. Dr John Tomlinson of The Sexual Advice Association explains some of the causes, and where to seek help.
Find our more on NHS Choices
Cervical screening is a method of preventing cervical cancer by detecting abnormal cells in the cervix (lower part of the womb). Cervical screening is not a test for cancer, but it is a test to check the health of the cervix.
Most women's test results show that everything is normal. But for one in 20 women, the test will show some changes in the cells of the cervix. Most of these changes will not lead to cervical cancer and the cells will go back to normal on their own. In some cases, the abnormal cells need to be treated to prevent them becoming a problem later.
NHS Choices - Cervical Screening
The why, when & how guide to cervical screening
This factsheet is for women who would like information about having a cervical smear test for screening. This means having the test when you don't have any symptoms.
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the UK. About 46,000 women get breast cancer in the UK each year. Most of them (8 out of 10) are over 50, but younger women, and in rare cases men, can also get breast cancer.
The NHS Breast Screening Programme invites over 2 million women for screening every year, and detects over 14,000 cancers. Dr Emma Pennery of Breast Cancer Care says: “Breast X-rays, called mammograms, can detect tumours at a very early stage, before you’d feel a lump. The earlier it’s treated, the higher the survival rate.”
Find out more about breast cancer screening
Macmillan Cancer Research
The causes and symptoms of breast cancer in women and explains how it is diagnosed and treated
Symtpoms, diagnosis, treatment, prevention & screening information
Screening programmes are to help detect early signs of abnormality so that something can be done before the disease can progress.
In North West London an annual programme runs offering patients the opportunity to have a test in the local area. Women shoyuld ensure that they have this screening every 3-5 years after the age of 50.
The North West London CCG runs a bowel cancer screening programme. If you fall within their target group and get sent details and actions to take then please follow these through, as its important to take up the opportunity to get screened. For further information visit their website
Cancer - Healthtalkonline
Healthtalkonline, an award-winning charity website, lets you share in other people's experiences of health and illness. An excellent resource compiled after interviewing a wide range of people suffering from heart disease.
An excellent resource with useful video, audio, images and references relating to differing forms of Cancer, the causes & treatments.
Free information service provided by Cancer Research UK about cancer and cancer care for people with cancer and their families. Information is formatted in such a way that makes understanding the website an easy process
Macmillan Cancer Support
Europe's leading cancer information charity, with over 4,500 pages of up-to-date cancer information, practical advice and support for cancer patients, their families and carers.
Further information about symptoms, treatment, causes and prevention of Cancer
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